The Nicene Creed (A.D. 325; revised at Constantinople A.D. 381)

    I believe in one God the Father Almighty; Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.
    And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds, God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made; being of one substance with the Father; by whom all things were made; who, for us men and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit1 of the Virgin Mary, and was made man; and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; he suffered and was buried; and the third day he rose again, according to the Scriptures; and ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of the Father; and he shall come again, with glory, to judge both the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end.
    And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of Life; who proceedeth from the Father and the Son2; who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; who spake by the Prophets. And one Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.


1I have used the modern translation "Holy Spirit" instead of the archaic name "Holy Ghost" throughout the ancient creeds. (But I have not made such a change in the Westminster Confession, which is still used today in its original wording and which sometimes uses "Holy Ghost.")   [Return]

2The phrase "and the Son" was added after the Council of Constantinople in 381 but is commonly included in the text of the Nicene Creed as used by the Protestant and Roman Catholic churches today. The phrase is not included in the text used by Orthodox churches. The phrase "God of God" was not in the version of 381 but was in the version of 325 and is commonly included today.        [Return]